Opinions regarding the stigma associated with labels for young people with an At Risk Mental State (ARMS) for psychosis

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Aim: There has been increasing interest in the field of identifying those with a At Risk Mental State (ARMS) for Psychosis, with Attenuated Psychosis Syndrome included in Section Three of the DSM-V. Concomitantly, there is ongoing debate regarding the potential for such related terms to be stigmatising especially for the adolescent cohort. There is, however, limited knowledge regarding the stigma associated with the various labels used in this area. This exploratory study aimed to assess the opinions of practitioners and clients with regards to the potential stigma associated with the labels UHR (Ultra High Risk), ARMS (At Risk Mental State), and APS (Attenuated Psychosis Syndrome). Clients were aged 15-25 years and identified as being at UHR of psychosis. Method: Eighteen UHR clients (mean age = 18.89 years, SD: 3.07 years, 61.1% female) and 39 practitioners (mean age 36.58 years, SD: 11.10, 59% female) from Orygen Youth Health in Melbourne, Australia completed questionnaires regarding their opinions of the stigma associated with the labels ARMS, UHR and APS and clients' personal experience of stigma. Results & Discussion: Data collection is ongoing, however, preliminary analysis suggested that, in comparison to clients, practitioners associated more stigma with the UHR and APS labels. There was also a correlation between clients' opinions about stigma associated with the terms ARMS (ρ = 0.54, p = 0.022) and UHR (ρ =0.51 p = 0.030) and clients' experience of stigma but not for APS (ρ = 0.45, p = 0.071). Full analysis of the data set will be presented at the conference. The current findings may have implications for future discussions regarding the Attenuated Psychosis Syndrome diagnosis.

Poster First Author: 
Fritha Melville
Conference Presented At: 
IAYMH 2015
Poster Date: 
October, 2015
Subject Area Tag: